What is fitness?
Fitness means being able to perform physical activity. It also means having the energy and strength to feel as good as possible. Getting more fit, even a little bit, can improve your health.
You don’t have to be an athlete to be fit. Athletes reach a very high level of fitness. And people who take brisk half-hour walks every day reach a good level of fitness. Even people who can’t do that much can work toward some level of fitness that helps them feel better and have more energy.
This topic focuses on health-related fitness, which helps you feel your best and lowers your risk for certain diseases. Making small changes in your daily lifestyle helps you improve your fitness.
What are the benefits of fitness?
Fitness helps you feel better and have more energy for work and leisure time. You’ll feel more able to do things like playing with your kids, gardening, dancing, or biking. Children and teens who are fit may have more energy and better focus at school.
When you stay active and fit, you burn more calories, even when you’re at rest. Being fit lets you do more physical activity. And it lets you exercise harder without as much work. It can also help you manage your weight.
Improving your fitness is good for your heart, lungs, bones, and joints. And it lowers your risk for heart attack, diabetes, high blood pressure, and some cancers. If you already have one or more of these problems, getting more fit may help you control other health problems and make you feel better.
Being more fit also can help you to sleep better, handle stress better, and keep your mind sharp.
Stretch & Flex
Stretching is important in maintaining the muscle’s pliability and length. When a muscle shortens, the ability to perform a task involving that muscle decreases which can then increase the risk of injury. This is especially noticeable in the low back region. Tightness of the upper back, lower back, hamstrings, and calves can increase the risk of pain and injury to the spine. Maintaining the muscle’s proper length and pliability allows the body to maintain the proper biomechanical position, and decreases the possibility for injury. Stretches should be performed slowly and deliberately.
Participation in the stretching programs should be conducted during the morning safety briefing. The stretch and flex component should not exceed 10 minutes. Employees should exercise judgment to the extent that their physical capabilities allow and they should not perform motions that may aggravate previous injuries or other physical conditions.
SMOHIT has enhanced our screening program. The SMOHIT protocol already includes measurement of blood pressure and total cholesterol. In Phase I, the protocol would be expanded to include HbA1C for diabetes and a lipid panel including HDL cholesterol and total cholesterol. (These tests do not require a fasting blood sample.). The questionnaire would be modified to include the United Aganist Diabetes (UAD) health risk appraisal, and the physical examination would be modified to include height and weight measurement and measurement of waist circumference.
Diabetes means your blood glucose (often called blood sugar) is too high. After a meal, food is broken down into a sugar called glucose. Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs glucose for energy to keep you going. But too much glucose in the blood isn’t good for your health.